Almost everyone has experienced joint pain. People often mistakenly assume all joint pain caused by gout or rheumatism. Both of these diseases can indeed cause joint pain, but actually rare.
Other diseases which are often considered to result in joint pain are cholesterol and osteoporosis. The assumption is wrong because cholesterol and osteoporosis were never cause joint pain.
The main causes of joint pain at the age of 45 years, particularly the knees and hips, is calcification of joints. At the age of under 45 years of age, the main causes of joint pain is muscle inflammation due to excessive physical activity or sport because of injury.
Calcification of the joints or osteoarthritis is a disease in which the joint cartilage thinning. Cartilage serves coat the ends of the bones forming the joint, so that the joint can move freely without pain and visit joint pain relief codes book.
The function of the joint cartilage can be likened to the function of the tires lining the vehicle wheels so the car can move freely without hindrance. Just like a car tire that will be thinned because of wear due to friction with the road, as well as joint cartilage will wear and thinning due to rubbing every time the joint moves.
If the joint cartilage is damaged and thinning, joint-forming bone ends meet and rub against each other directly without coating cartilage, causing joint pain.
The cause thinning of the cartilage in the joints calcification is not known with certainty and are considered as part of the aging process. Each person will experience calcification of joints with different degrees.
In addition as part of the aging process, joint calcification seen as a result of certain risk factors as follows: (1) women over the age of 45 years; (2) overweight; (3) excessive physical activity, such as the if-the athletes and blue-collar workers; (4) suffered a thigh muscle weakness; or (5) had experienced a broken bone around the joints do not get proper treatment.
Symptoms of early stage calcification of joints usually in the form of pain and joint stiffness after a long time does not move, such as getting out of bed or after sitting for a long time. The knee joint also feels pain when used for walking, climbing stairs, or squatted. Often you hear a “crick-crick” when the knee joint is moved.
At an advanced stage, but pain is more intense, the knee joint to be bent like the letter O or the letter X.
In the X-ray, knee joint gap experienced calcification joints appear more narrow than normal joint gap.
The degree of narrowing of the gap joints on X-ray is used to determine the severity (stage) calcification of joints. There are four stages of calcification of joints, namely stage 1 and 2 are categorized as mild joint calcification, while stages 3 and 4 as severe calcification of joints.
In stage 1, gap width joints were normal, but there is pain in the knee joint. Cracks joints in stage 2 is narrower than normal. While on stage 3, the joint gap is very narrow and at stage 4, the joint gap closes; This situation is caused because the lining of the cartilage covering the ends of bones and “fill” gaps joints have been lost altogether.